180305 Английский язык — Пробный вариант №13


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Единый государственный экзамен

по АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ

Инструкция по выполнению работы


Экзаменационная работа по английскому языку состоит из
четырёх разделов (аудирование, чтение,

грамматика и лексика, письмо),
включающих в себя 40 заданий.


На выполнение экзаменационн
ой работы отводится 3 часа (180
минут).


Ответы к заданиям 3

9
, 12

18 и 32

38 записываются по
приведённому ниже образцу в виде одной цифры, которая

соответст
вует номеру правильного ответа. Эту цифру запишите в поле
ответа в тексте работы, а затем перенесите в бланк ответов № 1.



Ответы к заданиям 1, 2, 10, 11 записываются по приведённому
ниже
образцу

в виде последовательности цифр. Эту последовательность
цифр запишите в поле ответа в тексте работы, а затем перенесите в
бланк ответов № 1.



Ответы к заданиям 19

31 записываются по приведённому ниже
образцу в виде слова (нескольких

слов). Ответ запишите в поле ответа
в тексте работы, а затем перенесите в бланк ответов № 1.



Раздел 4 («Письмо») состоит из 2 заданий (39 и 40) и представляет
собой небольшую письменную работу (написание личного письма и
письменного высказывания

с элемен
тами рассуждения). В бланке
ответов № 2 укажите номер задания и запишите ответ к нему.


Все бланки ЕГЭ заполняются яркими чёрными чернилами.
Допускается использование гелевой, или капиллярной, или перьевой ручек.


При выполнении
заданий можно пользоваться черновиком.
Записи в черновике не учитываются при оценивании работы.


Баллы, полученные В
ами за выполненные задания,
суммируются. Постарайтесь выполнить как можно больше заданий и
набрат
ь н
аибольшее количество баллов.

Желаем успеха!


1
0

Установите соответствие между текстами
A

G

и заголовками
1

8
.

Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
Используйте каждую цифру
только
один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.


1. From paganism to politics

2. Two aspects of one thing

3. Food for thought

4. Origins of names

5. Constitutional document

6. Changes in meaning

7. A few tips for a traveler

8. The signs of the time


A
. The English immigrants who settled on America’s northern seacoast,
appropriately called New England, came in order to practice their religion freely.
They were either Englishmen who wanted to reform the Church of England or
people who wanted to have an e
ntirely new church. These two groups combined,
named after those who wished to "purify" the Church of England.


B
. John provoked the English barons into revolt, though their econo
mic difficulties
through high inflation were not his fault. Civil war broke out, and John was forced
to sign the document later known as Magna Carta. Magna Carta was the first
document forced onto a King of England by a group of his subjects, the feudal
ba
rons, in an attempt to limit his powers by law and protect their privileges. It
provided redress of grievances, but later ages took it as a statement of civil
liberties.


C
. More important than packing your bag full of money, pack a bag full of
patience a
nd curiosity. There's no such thing as a bad trip, just good travel stories
to tell back home. Always travel with a smile and remember that you're the one
with the strange customs visiting someone else's country. And, finally, the more
time you spend comin
g to understand the ways of others, the more you'll
understand yourself. The journey abroad reflects the one within



the most
unknown and foreign and unmapped terra incognita.


D
. Architecture is the art and the technique of building, employed to fulfill

the
necessary in all but the simplest cultures; without it, man is confined to a primitive
stru
ggle with the elements; with it, he has not only a defense against the natural
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environment but also the benefits of a human environment, a prerequisite for and a
symbol of the development of civilized institutions.


E
. In Europe, May Day started out as a
nice pagan holiday to celebrate the spring
a Maypole). It began its metamorphosis into a working class holiday at the end of
the 19th century



in memory of a workers' demo
nstration in Chicago (calling,
among other things, for an eight
-
hour working day), which ended in bloodshed.
The idea of decent working conditions caught on with the Russian comrades.
"Here's to the eight
-



F
breakfast and dinner widened, it became necessary to create a smaller meal around
the middle of the day, for which the world ‘luncheon’ was appropriated.
‘Luncheon’ originall
y signified a lump or portion. In 1755 Samuel Johnson was
still defining it as a quantity of food



‘as much food as one’s hand can hold’



and only slowly over the next century did it come to signify, in refined circles at
least, the middle meal of the da
y.


G
. The evolution of the Olympic Movement during the 20th and 21st centuries has
resulted in several changes to the Olympic Games. Some of these adjustments
include the creation of the Winter Games for ice and winter sports, the Paralympic
Games for at
varying economic, political, and technological realities of the 20th century.



Ответ
:

A

B

C

D

E

F

G



















11

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски
A

F

частями
предложений,
обозначенными цифрами
1

7. Одна из частей в списке 1

7 лишняя.

Занесите цифры, обозна
чающие соответствующие части
предложений, в

таблицу
.


Red Square


Red
Square is located in front of the eastern wall of the Kremlin and is bounded on
three sides by other buildings: the State Historical Museum, the GUM department
store and St. Basil's Cathedral. For centuries the Red Square,

A
_______________________
has witne
ssed important historical events in the life of
the city and country, witnessed change of generations, centuries and eras.

It all began in the 15th century
B
_______________________

ordered to free the
land adjacent to the new Kremlin walls of wooden buildi
ngs, in order to protect the
Kremlin from frequent fires. As a result, an extensive area formed in front of the
C
_______________________

, so the
original name of the square was Torg (trade). The wooden buildings
on the square
often caught fire, therefore its other name was Pozhar (fire). In the 16th century it
began to be called Troitskaya (Trinity), because of the Trinity church standing on the
southern part of the square. The name “Red” first appeared in the lat
e 17th
century
D
_______________________

issued by the Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich. The
original meaning of the word in Russian was “beautiful, pretty”. Soon the area
became the center of the city’s life. It served
E
_______________________

of
imperial decrees,
meetings and discussions of vital issues. The ceremonies
connected with the coronation of tsars, various religious processions were also held
there. In the 20th century the Red Square
F
_______________________

became the
symbol of the new government. From 1
918, military parades and demonstrations of
workers took place there too. That is where the famous military parade took place on
November 7, 1941, whose participants left the square directly to the frontline.


1.

when the Prince of Moscow Ivan III

2.

as well as

the Kremlin

3.

was allowed there

4.


as the central square of the country

5.


as the place of announcement

6.

left their traces on the Red Square

7.

in one of the orders



Ответ:

A

B

C

D

E

F








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Прочитайте текст и выполните задания
12

18
. В каждом задании
запишите в поле ответа цифру
1, 2, 3

или
4
, соответствующую
выбранному Вами варианту ответа.





There were seven or eight of us in the line, waiting to pay the cashier for our
lunches. We were all in a hurry because that’s the way of the American business
-
day
eight. He

was a cute little fellow wearing black jeans, white sneakers and a blue
pullover sweater. A shock of dark hair fell over his eyes. He looked very much like
his mother. The boy had a charming face with chiseled features but he was
depressed.


As the woman

fumbled in her purse, looking for money to pay her check, the kid
noticed a display of candy bars beside the cash register and immediately wanted one.


“You can’t have any candy”, said his mother. “You had a pie with your lunch”. She
took out her handker
chief, then put it back and went on fumbling in her purse. “But I
want some candy”, said the kid. His tone was surprisingly insistent. Almost
aggressive.


The mother continued her search for money in her purse, and the kid continued to
whine about the can
dy. Then he began to stamp his feet and shout.


together and several folks began mumbling under their breath. “Ought to snatch him
bald”, said one man quietly. The kid by now

was reaching for the candy display in
open opposition to his mother. She grabbed his arm and pulled it away, but not
before he clutched a Snickers bar in his hand. “Put it back”, she said.


“No!” shouted the child. It was an arrogant “No!” The line bunch
ed even more
closely together, and the man who had suggested snatching the kid bald appeared
ready to do so himself. So much for the kid’s shock of dark hair, I thought.


But the mother moved suddenly and with purpose. She paid the cashier, took back
her
change and dropped it into her purse. Then with one quick motion, she grabbed
hold of the child’s pullover sweater and lifted him off the floor. The moment his
sneakers came back to earth, she turned his back toward her and began flailing him.
A look of di
sbelief came across the kid’s face. His eyes filled with tears. He tried to
break away but that made his mother flail him again.


When she had finished administering the punishment, she turned the child around
and pointed a finger squarely in his sobbing f
ace. With a voice strong and certain,
she said, “The next time I tell you do something, young man, will you do it?”


The child looked at the floor. Meekly and sincerely, he replied, “Yes, ma’am.” The
r without further hesitation
and marched dutifully out behind her.


The people in a line broke into spontaneous applause.


“Did the kid deserve the punishment he had? What would I do if I were his mother?
She may have been absolutely right for all I know
. I have no children. I have no right
to argue with the mother” I thought. “There is nothing I can do but wait. Perhaps the
few”
.



1
2

The people in the cafe were all in

a hurry because


1)

they had to buy their lunch far away from the office.

2)

they wanted to be the first in line to pay for the food.

3)

it was the way they normally behaved at lunch time.

4)

they had to buy their lunch before the cashier left for her lunch.


Ответ:



13

The woman was fumbling in her purse because she wanted to

1)

pay for her food.

2)

buy a candy bar.

3)

find her phone.

4)

pay with a check.


Ответ:





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14


The mother would not let the child buy a candy bar because she

1)

didn’t have enough money to pay for it.

2)

was unreasonably strict with the little kid.

3)

thought that he had enough candy already.

4)

didn’t trust the quality of the candy from the display.


Ответ
:



15


the people in the line

1)

supported him.

2)

started to show irritation.

3)

started to shout at the kid.

4)

remained indifferent to the incident.


Ответ:



16


Judging by the child’s reaction to the punishment we can say that


1)

it did not teach him anything.

2)

he wasn’t used to being punished.

3)

he was indifferent to being punished.

4)

he wasn’t ready to change his behavior.


Ответ
:



17

The people in a line broke into spontaneous applause because the child

1)

was forced to obey.

2)


3)

had
already eaten the candy bar.

4)

manipulated his mother skillfully.


Ответ:



1
8


Reflecting on the incident the narrator thought that


1)

the mother had overreacted.

2)

the mother was right in her reaction.

3)

he/she wanted his/her own children badly.

4)

one should

be a parent to have a right to judge.


Ответ
:



По окончании выполнения заданий 10

18 не забудьте перенести свои

ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от
номера

соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При
переносе

ответов в заданиях 10 и 11 цифры записываются
без пробелов,
запятых и

других дополнительных символов.

Каждую цифру пишите
в отдельной

клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными
в бланке
образцами.












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Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика

Прочитайте приведённые ниже тексты. Преобразуйте, если
необходимо,

слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце
строк, обозначенных

номерами
19

25
, так, чтобы они
грамматически соответствовали

содержанию текстов. Заполните
пропуски полученными словами. Каждый

пропуск соответствует
отдельному заданию из группы
19

25
.


Napoleon


19

Napoleon
__________________
on 15 August 1769, to
Carlo Maria
di Buonaparte

and
, in his family's ancestral
home
Casa Buonaparte

in
Ajaccio
, the capital of the island of
Corsica.

BEAR


20

This was a year after the island
__________________
to France by
the
Republic of Genoa
.

TRANSFER


21

His first language was
Corsican
, and he always spoke French with a
marked Corsican accent and never
__________________
to spell

French properly
.

LEARN


22

He was teased by other students for his accent and applied himself to
__________________ .

READ


23

An examiner observed that Napoleon "has always been distinguished
for his application in mathematics. He
__________________

with
history and
geography... This boy would make an excellent sailor."


ACQUAINT



24


admitted to the elite
École
Militaire

in Paris. He trained to become an
artillery officer and, when his father's death reduced his
income,
__________________

-
year course in
one year
.

FORCE


25

He

__________________
the first Corsican to graduate from the
École
Militaire
.

BE





AUSTRALIA


26

Australia is, no doubt, one of the

most
__________________
and
interesting English
-
speaking countries in the world.

MYSTERY


27

Being situated far away in the Southern Hemisphere, the country is a
wonderful

__________________

of a unique nature and original
traditions.

MIX


28

Australia is the only country on
__________________

occupies a whole continent, though the smallest one. Its total area is

is 30 times bigger
than the area of Great Britain
.

WE


29

Despite that, the population of Australia is not a large one


about
23 million people which is almost three times
,
__________________
than the population of the UK.

S
MALL


30

The climate of
Australia cannot be described as a pleasant one: it's
__________________
mild in the centre
and hot and extremely dry in the North.

GENERAL


31


wonder that the landscape is mainly flat. But it is not boring at all


incredible colours of Australian deserts, salt lakes and strange rocks
are really
__________________

.


FASCINATE


















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Прочитайте текст с
пропусками, обозначенными номерами
32

38
. Эти

номера соответствуют заданиям
32

38
, в которых представлены

возможные варианты ответов. Запишите в по
ле ответа цифру
1
,

2
,

3

или
4
,
соответствующую выбранному Вами

варианту ответа.





Many of us built paper planes to
32

______
around the classroom, but a
team of British enthusiasts had more ambitious plans



to send a paper plane
towards the edge of space. Last week, the aircraft, built from paper and paper
straws, and with a three
-
foot wingspan, was launched from a site in Spai
n. A
helium balloon

33

______
it to an altitude of 90,00ft (17 miles)



not,
admittedly, very

34

______
to outer space (which is considered to begin around
50 miles above the Earth’s surface), but higher than a jumbo jet would normally
fly (39,000ft). The balloon then
35

______
, allowing the plane to glide gently
back to Earth.

Along the way, it took pictur
es
36

______
a miniature camera before landing 100
miles from the launch site, who
le but for a tear in its wing.

The project was masterminded by Steve Darnels, John Oates and Lester Haines,
who said they
37

_______
with the idea after being
38

______
by a
project last
year to send a lump of cheese into space.
They had done it, they said, for a
“laugh”.


32

1)

drop

2)

send

3)

throw

4)

release


Ответ:



33

1)

lifted

2)

ascend

3)

blew

4)

pushed

5)


Ответ:



34


1)

nearly

2)

similar

3)

close

4)

exact


Ответ:




35

1)

de
stroyed

2)

flew

3)

disappeared

4)

exploded

Ответ:



36


1)

at

2)

with

3)

on

4)

by


Ответ:



37


1)

came up

2)

came over

3)

came out

4)

came across

Ответ:



38


1)

drawn

2)

involved

3)

inspired

4)

captured

Ответ:

По окончании выполнения заданий 19

38 не забудьте перенести
свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от
номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки.
При переносе ответов в заданиях 19

31 буквы записываю
тся
без
пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов
. Каждую
букву или цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с
приведёнными в бланке образцами.













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Раздел 4. Письмо


Для ответов на задания
39

и
40

используйте бланк ответов № 2. Черновые
пометки могут делаться прямо на листе с заданиями, или можно
использовать отдельный черновик. При выполнении заданий 39 и 40 особое
внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только
по запис
ям, сделанным в БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Никакие записи
черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание
также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма текста.
Тексты недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая
требуемый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания (
39
,
40
), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка
недостаточно, Вы можете использовать другую его сторону.



39

-
speaking pen
-
friend
Nina

who

writes:

...
I looked after my little sister. Do you think babysitting is a hard work? Do
you agree to look after kids when parents ask you to do it? Would you like to be
a single chi
ld in the family? Why?

Moreover, I'm going to visit New York with my cousin soon and stay there for
a week.
..


Nina
.




answer h
er

questions



ask 3 questions
about
her visit in New York.

Write
100

140 words.

Remember the rules of letter writing.


40


Comment on the following statement.


Playing computer games is the best way of spending free time.

What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?

Write
200

250 words
.

Use the following plan:



make an introduction (state the problem)



express your personal opinion and give 2

3 reasons for your opinion



express an opposing opinion and giv
e 1

2 reasons for this opposing

opinion



explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion



make

a conclusion restating your position




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